- Know the processes and phases for each part of the water cycle and understand the water cycle's role in soil nutrient erosion, salinization of agricultural lands, and climatic influences.
- Understand the concept and components of a watershed and be able to identify stream orders and watershed boundaries. Know the features of a healthy watershed and an unhealthy watershed.
- Know how to perform and interpret chemical water quality tests and understand why aquatic organisms and water quality are affected by the physical, chemical, and biological conditions of the water.
- Understand the dependence of all organisms on one another and how energy and matter flow within an aquatic ecosystem.
- Understand the concept of carrying capacity for a given aquatic ecosystem, and be able to discuss how competing water usage may affect the ability of the system to sustain wildlife, forestry and anthropogenic needs.
- Identify common, rare, threatened and endangered aquatic species as well as Aquatic Nuisance Species (ANS) through the use of a key.
- Know how to perform biological water quality monitoring tests and understand why these tests are used to assess and manage aquatic environments.
- Identify aquatic and wetland environments based on their physical, chemical and biological characteristics.
- Know characteristics of different types of aquifers, and understand historical trends and threats to groundwater quantity and quality.
- Understand societal benefits and ecological functions of wetlands.
- Understand the functions and values of riparian zones and be able to identify riparian zone areas.
Water Protections and Conservation
- Understand how education programs and enforcement agencies are working together to protect aquatic habitats and preventing those who use our waterways from inadvertently transporting ANS from one river to another.
- Interpret major provincial and/or federal laws and methods used to protect water quality (i.e., surface and ground water). Utilize this information to propose management decisions that would improve the quality of water in a given situation.
- Be familiar with the Federal, Provincial and state agencies that provide oversight of water resources, and understand that Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a useful and important tool in the management of water resources.
- Identify global and local sources of point and non-point source pollution and be able to discuss methods to reduce point and non-point source pollution.
- Understand the interaction of competing uses of water for water supply, hydropower, navigation, wildlife, recreation, waste assimilation, irrigation, and industry.
- Know the meaning of water conservation, and understand why it is important every time you turn on a faucet.
- What are Aquatic Nuisance Species (ANS)?
- Consider the Source: A Pocket Guide to Protecting Your Drinking Water
- Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2000
- Water Quality Standards Regulations: Texas
- Clean Water Act
- Safe Drinking Water Act
- Sole Source Aquifer
- Underground Injection Control
- Wellhead Protection
- Nutrients in Streams - Trinity River Basin