Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Magdy Akladios
In recent years, we have seen a significant increase in the number of natural disasters....
by Leilasadat Nazarian, Kaitlyn Carter, Ivan Marsic, Jessica Godoy and Usman Younus
In recent years, we have seen a significant increase in the number of natural disasters. These include volcanoes, Tsunamis, and earthquakes. Research on this topic will conclude if these are normal rates, or if they are indeed increasing rapidly. If so why are they increasing and what specific locations are experiencing the highest accumulations of natural disasters. Are we prepared for such disasters? If not, how would you suggest we should be prepared.
There have been more than 3000 natural disasters during the first decade of the 21st century. This number is almost five times greater than all the disasters in the 1970’s . This trend depicts a pattern of increased intensity over the years where the severity has impacted many areas throughout the globe. Multiple factors have attributed to these incidents such as rise in greenhouse-gas emissions which have led to increasing atmospheric temperatures. These seem to have increased the amount of catastrophic natural disasters that occur on an annual basis. Climate change has also put the lives of millions of people in danger and has imposed broader economic costs. Preparation for such disasters has not been addressed throughout all of the affected communities, as has been observed in such recent natural disasters as Haiti. Items to be addressed include flood zones, building structures, and education of potentially affected areas. Analyzing the high risk areas, identifying the key elements for the increase in activity and formulating proper risk management to reduce damage are important in preparing for these catastrophes.
Reference  Goldenberg, Suzanne. "Eight ways climate change is making the world more dangerous." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 14 July 2014. Web. 04 Feb. 2017.
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Ashish Chandra
Human Organ Transplantation – The Unsung Heroes and Process Involved in the Logistics of Ensure Timely Delivery of Human Organs
by Adriana Rivero and Karrie Brand
Organ transplantation is now a crucial part of the healthcare industry. However, there is a short timeline for a live organ from harvesting to being implanted in a patient. Due to the nature of the product, live organs, there is no one ‘production’ site from where organs can be obtained. Many times organs are transported from distant locations. The individuals and services involved in ensuring the timely delivery of the organs is rarely talked about, it is only the survival success rates that are always in the lime light. This paper will talk about the unsung heroes and services that are often directly involved in the timely delivery of human organ.
Some of the services that will be discussed about include private air transport companies who have significant personal dedication, and even financial investment, to the cause such as having an aircraft on standby in case the one scheduled to bring the organ breaks down. The presenters will also talk about issues such as the process of having pilots on call, in order to be ready to transport an organ at any given time; the transplant teams at both sides – one from where the organ is harvested and one where it is to be transplanted; the organ procurement coordinators; what the dispatcher does on the airside; the timeline on how long the organ has before it is no longer useful; what happens if the person receiving the organ dies; what happens after the organ gets to the person receiving it; etc. The intent of this paper is also to enhance the knowledge of the audience so that they can become ambassadors to spread the word about the value of being an organ donor.
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Ashish Chandra
Diagnosing Sleep Apnea via Home Sleep Testing Tools - Pros and Cons
by Mahshid Mirfattah
Sleep apnea is one of the most prevalent diseases in middle age adult ,and in particular most of the people who suffer from it are also overweight. If appropriate steps are not taken to diagnose and treat sleep apnea, the disease will lead to other complications such as hypertension, hearth attack, stroke, worsening diabetes, cognitive decline and increased road accidents.
Sleep apnea is traditionally diagnosed by having patients stay overnight for a sleep study or polysomnogram (PSG) at a dedicated “Sleep Clinic or Sleep Center,” and PSG is an expensive and cumbersome process. The average cost for a patient to participate in a PSG for one night at a large hospital, such as the Methodist Hospital, can be several thousand dollars. As the health care system is a constant flux of improvement, alternative ways to diagnosing sleep apnea are being explored and/or implemented by hospitals and sleep centers. Home sleep testing is being explored by some institutions as an alternative and cost effective way to diagnose patients with suspected sleep apnea, as such testing will likely be more comfortable for the patients and even lower reimbursement by insurance companies.
Home sleep testing consists of a small device that is hung around the neck, a nasal cannula, and a pulse oximeter for the finger that measures blood oxygen content and pulse rate. The device is mailed to the patient with questioners that are required to be filled out before and after study has been conducted. When the patients receive the device, the night of the study the patient will receive instructions over the phone on how the set up the device. After the study data collection duration is over, the patient will repackage the device and mail it back to the designated location where the data will be download and the report is prepared and sent to the referring physician.
This presentation will provide information about this alternative diagnostic technique including the pros and cons of this home sleep testing.